Product Management guidebook

As the name suggests, product management is the process behind managing your products and services. Just like your company needs to be managed properly, your products and services need to follow certain guidelines and processes to ensure success.

In this article, we will look into all you need to know about product management to get started or empower it in your company:

What is product management?

Product management is the process of overseeing the entire lifecycle of a product. It starts with an initial idea and goes through all the steps, including development, launch, and maintenance.

The goal of product management is to ensure that the product or service meets the needs of customers and the business. It has to deliver value to the customers in the first place and generate revenue and growth for the company.

The key person behind product management is the product manager who is responsible for defining product strategy, conducting market research, developing a roadmap, and working with cross-functional teams to deliver successful products.

In other words, product management is all about creating products to solve problems and meet customer needs while reaching the goals and objectives of the company.

Why is product management important?

Product management is important to all businesses no matter their size or industry. It ensures that the products you are launching are successful.

Without product management processes in place, companies risk developing products that are not used by customers, do not bring value, or do not support business goals.

Good product management helps your business stay competitive and act on market changes timely. With proper processes, you can quickly react to industry trends, customer needs, new technologies, and other opportunities. You are able to deliver products that provide value and have product-market fit in place.

Product management helps organizations to grow their business by discovering new market opportunities and building products to meet those needs. Understanding customer pain points helps product managers to develop products that solve customer problems to drive revenue.

The product management process

The product management process consists of four stages that represent the product life cycle. Although the number of stages can vary depending on the product management framework you are going to choose.


This is where product managers are developing product ideas. The stage may include such activities as market research, prototyping, and gathering feedback from customers and other stakeholders.


As you identify the problem or come up with a product idea, the development begins.

In this stage, you need to define product requirements, create a product roadmap, and work with the team to develop a product.


It is time to launch your product on the market. In this stage, you will need to create a marketing plan, build a sales pipeline, and raise awareness about your product.

Maintenance and support

The last stage of the product life is ongoing maintenance and support. You need to monitor your product's performance, conduct customer satisfaction surveys, gather feedback, and improve your product to stay competitive.

Key skills for product managers

Being a product manager is not an easy job since there is a lot on your shoulders.

Product managers need to find a balance between meeting the needs of their customers and business. It also requires constant learning and improving your skills in various areas.
To be successful in product management, you will need to understand:

Product strategy

A good product manager has comprehensive knowledge of the market, competitors, and customers in order to come up with a successful product strategy.

Project management

Although there are many differences between product and project management. Having project management skills helps to work with cross-functional teams to meet deadlines and budgets.


Strong communication along with motivational skills are required in order to be able to communicate effectively on different levels. You need to be able to clearly articulate product requirements, vision, and strategy to different parties inside and outside your organization.

Data analysis

Understanding data and using data information to make product decisions is a must since it has a direct impact on your product strategy.

Domain knowledge

While not always highlighted, understanding the domain will help you to make better business decisions.

Critical thinking

As a product manager, you sometimes need to make hard decisions, like stopping the development process when you are close to finishing. Your goal is to contribute to your organization's success rather than developing products.

The role of product management in startups

Product management is extremely important for startup organizations due to limited resources and time. You need to be able to move forward fast and make the right decisions to boost your growth.

Product managers are usually one of the first to join startups to help to define the vision, conduct market research, and work with development teams to bring products to market. It is often a common practice for CEO to act like a product manager in the very early stages before hiring product managers to do the job.

As a product manager in a startup, you need to be ready to jump into a fast-paced environment where prioritization is the key to success.

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The role of product management in established businesses

Product management is also important when it comes to well-established businesses with multiple products, services, and product lines.

Product managers in such organizations are responsible for the product to meet overall business strategy and report to the product director.

For large products, there can be several product managers - each responsible for a certain domain of the product.

As a product director, your goal is to ensure that all product managers are meeting the objectives of their domain and contributing to the overall product strategy. At the same time, you need to ensure that your product aligns with the organization's goals and other products.

As the person behind the product in an established business, you need to be skilled at creating and following a product roadmap. Plus, you need to work with different teams and stakeholders to meet their expectations. In some cases, a pivot must be made to align with the organization's strategy.

It is also important to mention that product management is not people management - you won't own a team but will work with different people in your organization to ensure the success of your product.

Common mistakes in product management

With so many challenges in product management it is easy to make a mistake that can cost you a lot in the short or long term. Below, we have collected some of the most common mistakes you can make as a product manager or someone responsible for product development in your organization.

Lack of market research

Product managers who don't conduct market research risk developing products that are not accepted by customers since they do not meet customer needs and expectations.

No prioritization

Not prioritizing features and functionality to balance customer needs and business goals can result in bloated products that either do not deliver value or are too expensive to maintain.

Communication failures

Not communicating clearly and on a regular basis can lead to misalignment that results in wrong business decisions, delays, and other issues.

Getting into a feature trap

Racing for features can result in bloated products that have tons of functionality but lack delivering value and solving the problems of your customers.

Getting started in product management

The carrier path to becoming a product manager is very different and bumpy but is totally worth it. No matter what is your background, there are certain basic skills and steps you need to take to become a successful product manager.

Learn the basics

Start by learning the fundamentals of product management, including product strategy, development, customer experience, and product management frameworks.

Get experience

Search for opportunities to get experience in product management. Read the case studies, join internships, and start with an entry-level position.

As you mature, you will be ready to take over the product management role and grow into senior product manager or product director (head of product).

Build your network

Build connections with other product managers and professionals from the industry to learn from their experience. It can also uncover new career opportunities.

Never stop learning

Product management is very dynamic and there is always something new to learn. As a product manager, you need to constantly experiment with different frameworks, methodologies, and tools.

Focus on soft skills

Having good soft skills is important for anyone to be successful but is critical for product managers. As a product manager, you will need to communicate on a daily basis. You need to be able to deliver key messages clearly and also be able to motivate the team to deliver their best.


Product management is critical for any organization that wants to build successful products and services. With well-established product management processes in place, you will drive growth and revenue to your organization while delivering value to your customers.

As a product manager, you will have a lot of responsibilities and challenges to deal with but will never get bored. You will need to balance business and customer needs and act like a middleman to ensure that all the parties involved are satisfied.

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